Research into management perceptions of safety – Yeah But….. Reply

In August this year Safe Work Australia released “Perceived Levels of Management Safety Empowerment and Justice among Australian Employers”.  The justification for the document is to better understand leadership culture in line with the Australian Work Health and Safety Strategy 2012-2022. It is always useful to understand how business owners and employers see workplace safety as only when we understand their “way of seeing” safety, can we effectively engage in improving occupational health and safety (OHS) but this report could have been so much more.

20161116_091247The perception survey on which the Perceived Levels report was based is an application of the  Nordic Occupational Safety Climate Questionnaire (NOSACQ-50) which is “a tool for diagnosing occupational safety climate and evaluating safety climate interventions”.

The Perceived Levels report found

  • Small business operators felt they didn’t display management safety empowerment and management safety justice enough.
  • The level of activities in these area varied in different industry categories
  • Most employers felt they displayed these activities frequently.
  • Employers with apprentices and young workers felt they displayed these attitudes more.

“Management safety justice” may seem like an odd concept as it is relatively new to Australia and there is very little information available online to clarify.   What might help is the list of questions that was asked in the survey on this topic: More…

Gender, violence, Batty, Hulls and business preparedness 5

Recently the Victorian Women Lawyers conducted a seminar into the outcomes of Victoria’s Royal Commission into Family Violence.  SafetyAtWorkBlog attended even though the topic seems, initially, to have a tenuous link to occupational health and safety (OHS).  Family violence is relevant to OHS through its influence on workplace mental ill-health, productivity and the need for cultural change.

vwl-nov-2016-seminarThe guest speakers included Rob HullsRosie Batty, and Antoinette Braybrook (pictured).

Progress needs Trust

Batty stated early in the seminar that we are a “victim-blaming society”where victims do not know who they can trust and therefore hesitate to raise issues of abuse or injustice.  The importance of trust in establishing a functional workplace culture has been discussed elsewhere.  Raising issues with managers or authorities is a crucial element of OHS law based on the assumption that the issues will be taken seriously and be controlled to some degree; an assumption that varies with each workplace.

Batty also said that

“unless we see perpetrators being held accountable, why would you want to come forward and expose yourself, be vulnerable and unsafe?”

Accountability is a crucial element of establishing and maintaining a suitable workplace safety culture as reinforces fairness and justice. More…

Labour Hire Inquiry recommends a licencing scheme 2

Following, ostensibly, the Four Corners exposé of labour hire exploitation in Australia last year, the Victorian Government established an inquiry.  That Inquiry’s final report has been released with lots of recommendations, several pertaining to occupational health and safety (OHS).  The Government’s media release response is HERE.

vic-labour-hire-reportThe main recommendations related to OHS are:

I recommend that the Model Work Health and Safety Act approach to regulating labour hire relationships be adopted in Victoria. In the absence of Victoria adopting wholesale the approach under the model laws, I recommend that Victoria adapt an approach which matches the substantive provisions under the model laws in this regard.


Cabbage Salad and Safety – Episode 5 7

October is National Safety Month in Australia and episode 5 of the Cabbage Salad and Safety podcast discusses a range of topics to mirror the diversity of National Safety Month.

Siobhan Flores-Walsh and myself talk about:

  • Conferences
  • Culture
  • Gender in Safety
  • Mental Health
  • Simple Safety vs Complex Safety
  • Innovation
  • Marketing and social media

The Gender in Safety conversation is one that I intend to expand upon in the coming weeks and is useful to notion relation to the increasing number of “women in safety”- type events.

KJ SFH HeadshotThis podcast is a mixed bag but I am interested in hearing your thought on the podcast and the topics it contains so post a comment here or email me.

Kevin Jones

Wearable tech provides data, not decisions 2

People want information about their own health and fitness.  Many are turning to wearable technology and activity trackers for that information, but information requires decisions or actions to gain benefit. The limitations of activity tracking and decisions was reinforced recently with some US research in the area.

Healthcare SystemThe University of Pittsburgh School of Education’s Department of Health and Physical Activity has published research that has found that wearable technology, like Fitbit and others, “…are ineffective at sustaining weight loss”.  This finding is the one that is attracting headlines online because a lot of people want to lose weight and the weight loss industry is large and pervasive.  However in terms of occupational health and safety (OHS), there is a more relevant quote in the University’s media release on the study:

“…researchers concluded that devices that monitor and provide feedback on physical activity do not offer an advantage over standard weight loss approaches that include behavioral counseling on physical activity and diet. Thus, while these devices allow for ease of tracking of physical activity along with feedback and encouragement, they may not enhance adherence to the tenets of a healthy lifestyle, which is the most important aspect of any weight loss regiment.” (emphasis added)

It seems that the reliance on the activity tracker is insufficient to turn thought into action – awareness but no change.

The research also reiterates some findings from 2014 by Endeavor Partners under a chapter called “The Dirty Secret of Wearables” which provides a different but perhaps more accurate perspective on activity trackers:

“In the midst of this frenzy of anticipation, the dirty secret of wearables remains: most of these devices fail to drive long-term sustained engagement for a majority of users. Endeavour Partners’ research reveals that more than half of U.S. consumers who have owned a modern activity tracker no longer use it. A third of U.S. consumers who have owned one stopped using the device within six months of receiving it.” (page 4)

The study reinforces the importance of human interaction and engagement over a technological interaction.  The media statement says:

“Over the course of the subsequent 18 months, both groups showed significant improvements in body composition, fitness, physical activity, and diet, with no significant difference between groups. However, those who received health counseling throughout the study lost nearly twice as much weight as those who used wearable devices for three-quarters of it.”

This is another research finding that shows that a combination of human and technological engagement is more effective than reliance on technology and is important when one notes the tendency to develop an app for workplace and health solutions that tries to codify interactions rather than valuing the existing available human interaction.

It also reinforces that technology needs context or else new (and expensive) wearable technology becomes little different from the pedometers of several years ago that became so ubiquitous that they were being given away in cereal packets.

There is no doubt that wearable technology provides important health information about the wearer.  Regardless of the commercial technology available in electronics retailers, there is wearable technology that helps OHS professionals in identifying physical hazard controls.  These are usually applied as part of a study of manual handling stressors on the body and can provide excellent levels of detail on body stress.  New devices are also coming to market for fatigue monitoring and some readers may have heard about various sensors included in hard hats or football helmets.

But this is all simply data.  It needs interpretation in order to identify safety improvement or safety as far as is reasonably practicable.  OHS professionals need to know of wearable technology that relates to their own industry or work activities.  The ability to collect measurably physical data makes for better decisions.  However much of the technology is recent and some is being promoted at prototype stages in search of ongoing development funding; so the OHS professional and business owner needs to have sharp bullshit detectors.

Business owners need to accept the limitation of these devices – that they provide data which still requires interpretation.  And this interpretation needs to be tailored to the work tasks being examined and the workplace environment in which the tasks occur.  The wearable technology provides additional data for the workplace state of OHS knowledge and that knowledge may be new and better than previously available but it still requires the employer or business owner to make a decision on how to apply that knowledge.  The OHS process remains the same but from a better base of information, hopefully one that makes the practicable decisions easier. It is important to remember that gathering data is not a decision.

Kevin Jones